Sprycel 50mg contains the active substance dasatinib. This medicine is used to treat chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) in adults. Leukaemia is a cancer of white blood cells. These white cells usually help the body to fight infection. In people with CML, white cells called granulocytes start growing out of control. SPRYCEL inhibits the growth of these leukaemic cells.
Sprycel 50mg | Dasatinib Monohydrate is also used to treat Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), and lymphoid blast CML in adults who are not benefiting from prior therapies. In people with ALL, white cells called lymphocytes multiply too quickly and live too long. SPRYCEL inhibits the growth of these leukaemic cells.
If you have any questions about how SPRYCEL works or why this medicine has been prescribed for you, ask your doctor.
2. What you need to know before you take SPRYCEL?
Do not take SPRYCEL if you are allergic to dasatinib or any of the other ingredients of this medicine.
If you could be allergic, ask your doctor for advice.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before using SPRYCEL
if you are taking medicines to thin the blood or prevent clots (see “Other medicines and SPRYCEL”)
if you have a liver or heart problem, or used to have one
if you start having difficulty breathing, chest pain, or a cough when taking SPRYCEL: this may be a sign of fluid retention in the lungs or chest (which can be more common in patients aged 65 years and older), or due to changes in the blood vessels supplying the lungs
if you have ever had or might now have a hepatitis B infection. This is because SPRYCEL could cause hepatitis B to become active again, which can be fatal in some cases. Patients will be carefully checked by their doctor for signs of this infection before treatment is started.
Your doctor will regularly monitor your condition to check whether SPRYCEL is having the desired effect. You will also have blood tests regularly while you are taking SPRYCEL.
Children and adolescents
SPRYCEL is not recommended for patients below 18 years of age. There is limited experience with the use of SPRYCEL in this age group.
Other medicines and SPRYCEL
Tell your doctor if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
SPRYCEL is mainly handled by the liver. Certain medicines may interfere with the effect of SPRYCEL when taken together.
These medicines are not to be used with SPRYCEL:
ketoconazole, itraconazole – these are antifungal medicines
erythromycin, clarithromycin, telithromycin – these are antibiotics
ritonavir – this is an antiviral medicine
dexamethasone – this is a corticosteroid
phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital – these are treaments for epilepsy
rifampicin – this is a treatment for tuberculosis
famotidine, omeprazole – these are medicines that block stomach acids
St. John’s wort – a herbal preparation obtained without a prescription, used to treat depression and other conditions (also known as Hypericum perforatum)
Do not take medicines that neutralise stomach acids (antacids such as aluminium hydroxide or magnesium hydroxide) in the 2 hours before or 2 hours after taking SPRYCEL.
Tell your doctor if you are taking medicines to thin the blood or prevent clots.
SPRYCEL with food and drink
Do not take SPRYCEL with grapefruit or grapefruit juice.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or think you may be pregnant, tell your doctor immediately. SPRYCEL is not to be used during pregnancy unless clearly necessary. Your doctor will discuss with you the potential risk of taking SPRYCEL during pregnancy.
Both men and women taking SPRYCEL will be advised to use effective contraception during treatment.
If you are breast-feeding, tell your doctor. You should stop breast-feeding while you are taking SPRYCEL.
Driving and using machines
Take special care when driving or using machines in case you experience side effects such as dizziness and blurred vision. It is not known if SPRYCEL will affect your ability to drive or use machines.
SPRYCEL contains lactose
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, talk to your doctor before taking this medicine.
3. How to take SPRYCEL
SPRYCEL will only be prescribed to you by a doctor with experience in treating leukaemia. Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure. SPRYCEL is prescribed for adults.
The starting dose recommended for patients with chronic phase CML is 100 mg once a day.
The starting dose recommended for patients with accelerated or blast crisis CML or Ph+ ALL is 140 mg once a day.
Take your tablets at the same time every day.
Depending on how you respond to the treatment, your doctor may suggest a higher or lower dose, or even stopping treatment briefly. For higher or lower doses, you may need to take combinations of the different tablet strengths.
The tablets may come in packs with calendar blisters. These are blisters showing the days of the week. There are arrows to show the next tablet to be taken according to your treatment schedule.
How to take SPRYCEL?
Swallow the tablets whole. Do not crush them. They can be taken with or without a meal.
Special handling instructions for SPRYCEL
It is unlikely that the SPRYCEL tablets will get broken. But if they do, persons other than the patient should use gloves when handling SPRYCEL.
How long to take SPRYCEL
Take SPRYCEL daily until your doctor tells you to stop. Make sure you take SPRYCEL for as long as it is prescribed.
If you take more SPRYCEL than you should
If you have accidentally taken too many tablets, talk to your doctor immediately. You may require medical attention.
If you forget to take SPRYCEL
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten tablet. Take the next scheduled dose at the regular time.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
The following can all be signs of serious side effects:
if you have chest pain, difficulty breathing, coughing and fainting
if you experience unexpected bleeding or bruising without having an injury
if you find blood in your vomit, stools or urine, or have black stools
if you get signs of infections such as fever, severe chills
if you get fever, sore mouth or throat, blistering or peeling of your skin and/or mucous membranes
Contact your doctor immediately if you notice any of the above.
Very common side effects (may affect more than 1 in 10 people)
Infections (including bacterial, viral and fungal)
Heart and lungs: shortness of breath
Digestive problems: diarrhoea, feeling or being sick (nausea, vomiting)
Skin, hair, eye, general: skin rash, fever, swelling around the face, hands and feet, headache, feeling tired or weak, bleeding
Pain: pain in the muscles, tummy (abdominal) pain
Tests may show: low blood platelet count, low white blood cells count (neutropaenia), anaemia, fluid around the lungs
Common side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
Infections: pneumonia, herpes virus infection, upper respiratory tract infection, serious infection of the blood or tissues (including uncommon cases with fatal outcomes)
Heart and lungs: palpitations, irregular heartbeat, congestive heart failure, weak heart muscle, high blood pressure, increased blood pressure in the lungs, cough.
Digestive problems: appetite disturbances, taste disturbance, bloated or distended tummy (abdomen), inflammation of the colon, constipation, heartburn, mouth ulceration, weight increase, weight decrease, gastritis
Skin, hair, eye, general: skin tingling, itching, dry skin, acne, inflammation of the skin, persistent noise in ears, hair loss, excessive perspiration, visual disorder (including blurred vision and disturbed vision), dry eye, bruise, depression, insomnia, flushing, dizziness, contusion (bruising), anorexia, somnolence, generalised oedema.
Pain: pain in joints, muscular weakness, chest pain, pain around hands and feet, chills, stiffness in muscles and joints, muscle spasm
Tests may show: fluid around the heart, fluid in the lungs, arrhythmia, febrile neutropaenia, gastrointestinal bleeding, high uric acid levels in the blood
Uncommon side effects (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
Heart and lungs: heart attack (including fatal outcome), inflammation of the lining (fibrous sack) surrounding the heart, irregular heartbeat, chest pain due to lack of blood supply to the heart (angina), low blood pressure, narrowing of airway that may cause breathing difficulties, asthma, increased blood pressure in the arteries (blood vessels) of the lungs
Digestive problems: inflammation of the pancreas, peptic ulcer, inflammation of the food pipe, swollen tummy (abdomen), tear in the skin of the anal canal, difficulty in swallowing, inflammation of the gallbladder, blockage of bile ducts, gastro-oesophageal reflux (a condition where acid and other stomach contents come back up into the throat)
Skin, hair, eye, general: allergic reaction including tender, red lumps on the skin (erythema nodosum), anxiety, confusion, mood swings, lower sexual drive, fainting, tremor, inflammation of the eye which causes redness or pain, a skin disease characterized by tender, red, well-defined blotches with the sudden onset of fever and raised white blood cell count (neutrophilic dermatosis), loss of hearing, sensitivity to light, visual impairment, increased eye tearing, disturbance in skin colour, inflammation of fatty tissue under the skin, skin ulcer, blistering of the skin, nail disorder, hair disorder, hand-foot disorder, renal failure, urinary frequency, breast enlargement in men, menstrual disorder, general weakness and discomfort, low thyroid function, losing balance while walking, osteonecrosis (a disease of reduced blood flow to the bones, which can cause bone loss and bone death), arthritis, skin swelling anywhere in the body.
Pain: inflammation of vein which can cause redness, tenderness and swelling, inflammation of the tendon
Brain: loss of memory
Tests may show: abnormal blood test results and possibly impaired kidney function caused by the waste products of the dying tumour (tumour lysis syndrome), low levels of albumin in the blood, low levels of lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) in the blood, high level of cholesterol in the blood, swollen lymph nodes, bleeding in the brain, irregularity of the electrical activity of the heart, enlarged heart, inflammation of the liver, protein in the urine, raised creatine phosphokinase (an enzyme mainly found in the heart, brain and skeletal muscles), raised troponin (an enzyme mainly found in the heart and skeletal muscles), raised gamma-glutamyltransferase (an enzyme mainly found in the liver)
Rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
Heart and lungs: enlargement of the right ventricle in the heart, inflammation of the heart muscle, collection of conditions resulting from blockage of blood supply to the heart muscle (acute coronary syndrome), cardiac arrest (stopping of blood flow from the heart), coronary (heart) artery disease, inflammation of the tissue covering the heart and lungs, blood clots, blood clots in the lungs.
Digestive problems: loss of vital nutrients such as protein from your digestive tract, bowel obstruction, anal fistula (an abnormal opening from the anus to the skin around the anus), impairment of kidney function, diabetes
Skin, hair, eye, general: convulsion, inflammation of the optic nerve that may cause a complete or partial loss of vision, blue-purple mottling of the skin, abnormally high thyroid function, inflammation of the thyroid gland, ataxia (a condition associated with lack of muscular coordination), difficulty walking, miscarriage, inflammation of the skin blood vessels, skin fibrosis.
Brain: stroke, temporary episode of neurologic dysfunction caused by loss of blood flow, facial nerve paralysis, dementia
Other side effects that have been reported (frequency not known) include:
Inflammation of the lungs
Bleeding in the stomach or bowels that can cause death
Recurrence (reactivation) of hepatitis B infection when you have had hepatitis B in the past (a liver infection)
A reaction with fever, blisters on the skin, and ulceration of the mucous membranes
Disease of the kidneys with symptoms including oedema and abnormal laboratory test results such as protein in the urine and low protein level in the blood
Your doctor will check for some of these effects during your treatment.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly (see details below). By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the bottle label, blister or carton after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
This medicine does not require any special storage conditions.
What SPRYCEL contains?
The active substance is dasatinib. Each film-coated tablet contains 20 mg, 50 mg, 70 mg, 80 mg, 100 mg or 140 mg dasatinib (as monohydrate).
The other ingredients are:
Tablet core: lactose monohydrate (see section 2 “What you need to know before you take SPRYCEL”); microcrystalline cellulose; croscarmellose sodium; hydroxypropylcellulose; magnesium stearate
Film-coating: hypromellose; titanium dioxide; macrogol 400
What SPRYCEL looks like and contents of the pack?
SPRYCEL 20 mg: the film-coated tablet is white to off-white, biconvex, round with “BMS” debossed on one side and “527” on the other side.
SPRYCEL 50 mg: the film-coated tablet is white to off-white, biconvex, oval with “BMS” debossed on one side and “528” on the other side.
SPRYCEL 70 mg: the film-coated tablet is white to off-white, biconvex, round with “BMS” debossed on one side and “524” on the other side.
SPRYCEL 80 mg: the film-coated tablet is white to off-white, biconvex, triangular with “BMS 80” debossed on one side and “855” on the other side.
SPRYCEL 100 mg: the film-coated tablet is white to off-white, biconvex, oval with “BMS 100” debossed on one side and “852” on the other side.
SPRYCEL 140 mg: the film-coated tablet is white to off-white, biconvex, round with “BMS 140” debossed on one side and “857” on the other side.
SPRYCEL 20 mg, 50 mg or 70 mg film-coated tablets are available in cartons containing 56 film-coated tablets in 4 calendar blisters of 14 film-coated tablets each, and in cartons containing 60 film-coated tablets in perforated unit dose blisters. They are also available in bottles with child resistant closure containing 60 film-coated tablets. Each carton contains one bottle.
SPRYCEL 80 mg, 100 mg or 140 mg film-coated tablets are available in cartons containing 30 film-coated tablets in perforated unit dose blisters. They are also available in bottles with child resistant closure containing 30 film-coated tablets. Each carton contains one bottle.